Albert Bandura’s biography and psychology theory is very interesting as it deal with adolescents and aggression which every person in the world deals with. Albert Bandura was born December on 4, 1925 in Mundare, Northern Alberta, Canada. He attended a small rural school to finish his high school and later went to work during the summer holidays; the work which he used to take up was filling holes on the Alaska Highway in the Yukon.
He studied psychology at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver; He finished his graduation or bachelor’s degree in 1949. In 1949, he moved to the University of Iowa where he received his doctorate in 1952 and where he met his future wife, who worked as a professor of nursing at University of Iowa. Years later he completed he achieved his post-doctorate at the Wichita Guidance Center in Wichita, Kansas.
Albert Bandura went to Stanford University in 1953 as a professor and began his research on aggressive adolescents. In 1973, he was appointed president of the American Psychological Association (APA) and in 1980 he was awarded for distinguished scientific contributions that he had made during his life. Currently he is working in the Stanford University, where he was rewarded in 1974 with the founding of a professorship. He gives speeches and lectures in many seminars on aggression, personal and social change that effects human behavior psychology.
Albert Bandura theory is based on behaviorism but adds something more based on his research on aggression in adolescents: states that the environment causes behavior (behaviorism), but also because the environment behavior. This idea called reciprocal determinism: The world and the behavior of a person causing another.
He later stated that personality is formed by the interaction of three things: environment, behavior and psychological processes of the individual. The latter are the ability in which we have formed images in our mind and in language and therefore moves away from behaviorism to make room for the imagination, so it is somehow an initiator of cognitivism or cognitive psychology. This new direction takes you to theorize observational learning and self-regulation.
Albert Bandura term observational learning or modeling studied as bobo doll: doll is an inflatable that has its weight in the base and can be hit as much but it does not fall down but wobbles. He saw some kids from kindergarten through movies as a young beat this doll while insulting him and then was not punished for it. The children saw the doll and were very happy to let them play with this doll behaved equally aggressive in the young film. The children had to imitate the behavior of the young even though they had never played before as well. Thanks to this research Albert Bandura developed his famous theory of social learning.
For this research Albert Bandura noted that one need to have attention, retain or remember what we have addressed through mental images or verbal descriptions and finally, play what we observed in our behavior. You also need to have motivation to imitate the behavior.
According to Albert Bandura one has three steps: self-observation, we compare what we have with a standard; auto-response (if comparison is positive then our behavior rewards ourselves. If the comparison is negative we punish ourselves). This concept of self-regulation is closely linked with self-concept: if we see over the years that we have acted in accordance with our objectives and we have received rewards of high self confidence. Albert Bandura’s whole theory encompasses the practice of self-therapy, which is quite effective in relatively simple problems such as study habits but his best-known therapy is the modeling: if a person with a disorder seen someone with the same problem you are trying to combat it effectively then first learn by imitation of the second.